Cupressus arizonica, the Arizona cypress, is a North American species of trees in the cypress family. It is native to the southwestern United States, and in Mexico. In the wild, the species is often found in small, scattered populations, not necessarily in large forests.
Scientific Name: Cupressus arizonica (= Hesperocyparis arizonica)
Common Name: Arizona Cypress
Also Called: Rough-bark Arizona Cypress (Spanish: Sabino, Cedro, Ciprés, Táscate)
Family: Cupressaceae, Cypress Family
Synonyms: (Callitropsis arizonica, Cupressus arizonica, Cupressus arizonica subsp. arizonica, Cupressus arizonica var. bonita, Hesperocyparis arizonica, Neocupressus arizonica)
Size: Up to 70 feet tall more or less, 15 to 20 feet wide; circumference max to 5.5 feet.
Growth Form: Tree; pyramid-shaped tree; trunk branches near the ground or is well developed; plants becoming shrubby when subject to fires, crown conic initially, becoming broadly columnar, dense; bark smooth initially but may become rough, furrowed or fibrous, rarely checkered; mature specimens with smooth bark previously known as Smooth-bark Arizona Cypress (Cupressus arizonica subsp. arizonica); branchlets decussate.
Leaves: Green, gray-green to blue-green; small, scale-like, flattened against the branchlets; with glands that produce drop of resin; evergreen.
Flower Color: Non-flowering species; cones only; gymnosperm; seed cones nearly globose with woody scales that separate at maturity, persistent on the branches several years after the seeds have fallen; seeds numerous.
Flowering Season: November to March for cone development; non-flowering gymnosperm.
Elevation: 3,000 to 7,000 feet.